The science

Creatine is a naturally occurring compound found in small amounts in various foods and synthesized by the body, primarily in the liver, kidneys, and pancreas. It plays a crucial role in energy metabolism, particularly during short bursts of intense physical activity. When supplemented, creatine can significantly enhance muscle mass, stamina, and cognitive function through several scientific mechanisms.

Firstly, creatine supplementation increases the availability of phosphocreatine in muscles, which serves as a rapid source of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the primary energy currency of cells. This heightened ATP regeneration enables muscles to sustain high-intensity contractions for longer durations, consequently improving stamina during workouts.

Moreover, creatine promotes muscle protein synthesis, leading to greater muscle hypertrophy and strength gains over time. By facilitating the retention of intracellular fluid within muscle cells, creatine supplementation further contributes to muscle volumization, enhancing the appearance of muscle mass.

Beyond its impact on physical performance, creatine also exerts beneficial effects on cognitive function. It enhances brain ATP levels, supporting neurotransmitter synthesis and energy-dependent processes involved in memory, attention and decision-making.

In conclusion, creatine supplementation augments muscle mass and stamina by optimizing energy production and protein synthesis in muscles. Additionally, its neuroprotective properties enhance cognitive function, making it a valuable supplement for athletes and individuals seeking to improve both physical and mental performance.